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7 Wonderful Ayurvedic Herbs & Spices You Should Consider Trying

In case you have not already known, Herbs and spices, in particular, are an integral part of Ayurveda as they are believed to carry in their cells the wisdom of cosmic intelligence and the healing vibrations of nature. For thousands of years, they have played a vital role in bringing balance between the mind, body, spirit and the environment. They have been used to treat all kinds of ailments and illnesses, some of which were even considered impossible to treat by other fields of medical sciences. This article will explore some of the most potent and well-known Ayurvedic herbs and spices that have people buzzing everywhere!


Importance of Ayurvedic Herbs


There are over 600 herbal formulas and 250 single plant remedies in the pharmacy of Ayurvedic treatments, where active ingredients are derived from leaves, roots, flowers, bark from thousands of herbs and spices. These potent formulas are what make Ayurveda what it is today. They have been used to balance the level in mind and body and to treat all kinds of diseases and ailments, to promote mental clarity, boost immunity, healthy skin, hair, etc. for thousands of years. From improving memory to relieving pain to enhancing vitality, the health benefits of these herbs and spices go endless. Additionally, they can be used internally or externally (through the skin) or even used as aromatherapy.


Also Read: The Benefits of Using Ayurvedic Products


Here are some of the commonly used Ayurvedic herbs (along with their science-backed health benefits) that are worth adding to your life.


         1. Ashwagandha



Scientifically known as Withania somnifera, Ashwagandha is a small woody plant indigenous to India and parts of North Africa. It is one of the most well-known Ayurvedic herbs due to its numerous medicinal properties, including its potent adaptogenic properties, which helps manage stress by reducing the level of cortisol hormone in the body. Ashwagandha is also a well-known herb that benefits men by helping increase their vitality and enhancing their stamina. Additionally, it is also known to help enhance muscle growth, lowers blood sugar levels, increase fertility and improves cognitive function. There is also evidence that Aswagandha may help in reducing inflammation and strengthening the immune system.


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         2. Turmeric


Turmeric, the spice that complements almost every of our meals with its vibrant yellowish hue, is one of the most-researched Ayurvedic spices in the world. Its main active ingredient, Curcumin is a well-studied compound that possesses powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. It is because of this potent compound that turmeric has been known far and wide for its incredible benefits, including protecting the heart, improving brain function, reducing stress and depression, enhancing metabolism, digestion and more. Furthermore, it is also known to be an excellent anti-microbial, excellent detoxifier, potent immunomodulator, as well as a powerful anti-arthritic, anti-diabetic and potential anti-cancer agent.


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          3. Boswellia


Known by many names including Salai Guggul, Indian frankincense or olibanum, Boswellia is a potent Ayurvedic ingredient produced from the resin of the Boswellia serrata tree. It has a long history of use in Ayurveda as a rejuvenating herb for supporting joint comfort and mental clarity. Modern clinical research has demonstrated Boswellia to be effective at reducing inflammation by preventing the release of inflammation-causing compounds known as leukotrienes. Additionally, it is also known to be effective in improving thyroid health, reducing joint, muscle and nerve pain, improving mobility and is particularly helpful in treating symptoms relating to osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.


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          4. Brahmi


Also called Bacopa monieri, Brahmi is another staple herb in Ayurveda with strong anti-inflammatory properties that are thought to be as effective as common over-the-counter anti-inflammatory drugs. Moreover, Brahmi has also been used to treat neurological disorders since ancient times. And certain clinical researches have also supported this claim, stating Brahmi’s rich properties have been linked to improving memory, concentration, reducing anxiety and treating epilepsy, as well as improving symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), such as inattention, impulsivity, poor self-control, and restlessness.


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         5. Mulethi


Liquorice, also known as Mulethi in Hindi, is one such herb that has long been used as a medicine not just in Ayurveda but in folk medicine in the West as well. Liquorice is extracted from the Glycyrrhiza glabra plant, mainly its root and is known to have a positive rejuvenating ability. It is known to help relieve sore throat, improve oral health, as well as prevent or manage digestive issues such as heartburn, bloating, nausea, and stomach ulcers. Furthermore, Liquorice extract formulations are also known to be beneficial in reducing symptoms of skin rash, including redness, itching, swelling, etc. 


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         6. Shatavari


Scientifically known as Asparagus racemosus, Shatavari is a potent rejuvenating herb for women, just as Ashwagandha is for men. It is known to possess a myriad of health benefits, particularly for the female reproductive system. It is rich in saponins, compounds with antioxidant abilities, as well as other essential nutrients that are beneficial in improving fertility and vitality, as well as in managing symptoms of PCOS and PCOD.


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         7. Triphala



Triphala is a formidable Ayurvedic remedy composed of three medicinal fruits, namely Amla (Emblica officinalis), Bibhitaki (Terminalia bellirica), and Haritaki (Terminalia chebula), and is a major constituent of more than 1500 Ayurvedic formulations. Numerous studies have demonstrated Triphala’s astounding effectiveness in treating constipation, abdominal pain while improving bowel movements in people with gut disorders. On top of that, Triphala also shows effectiveness in reducing plaque buildup, decreasing gum inflammation, and preventing bacterial growth in the mouth. Lastly, Triphala also works on the eye muscles and helps improves eyesight. It is useful in treating many eye problems like glaucoma, conjunctivitis & myopia. Triphala is even used in preparing eyewashes.


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Also Read: 8 Things To Know Before Trying An Ayurvedic Diet




Ayurvedic herbs and spices are generally considered safe when consumed in amounts as per the recommended dosage. However, children, women who are pregnant or breastfeeding, as well as people taking medications or are under certain medical conditions are advised to consult a healthcare professional before incorporating any Ayurvedic supplements into their regimen.


On top of that, since Ayurvedic products are not regulated, some Ayurvedic preparations are known to contain minerals and metals like mercury, lead, and arsenic which could be harmful to health. So always make sure to only go for reputable brands and companies that ideally have their products tested by a third party to ensure you get the safest and healthiest product for your health and wellbeing.

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Cinnamon, a mild brown coloured bark, belongs to the family Lauraceae. It is widely used as a spice and is native to South America and Southeast Asia.


Clove aka Syzygium aromaticum, is the flower bud of a tree, belonging to the plant family Myrtaceae.


Ginger, scientifically known as Zingiber officinale, belongs to the plant family Zingiberaceae. Turmeric and cardamom also belong to the same botanical family.

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Nardostachys jatamansi is a flowering plant of the Valerian or honeysuckle family Valerianaceae that grows at high attitude in the Himalayas, Sikkim, Kumaun, Bhutan, Nepal and southwest China.


Plant based calcium is more easily absorbed by the body and works well for all the age groups from kids to senior citizens.


Pluchea lanceolata from the family Asteraceae (sun flower family), also known as Rasna, is a perennial her.


Varuna also known as Crateva Nurvala belongs to the plant family Capparaceae. It is found in parts of Asia and China.


Bhringraj also known as Eclipta Prostrata is a plant from the Asteraceae family. It is a species from the popular sunflower family.


Bacopa monnieri is the scientific name of Brahmi. It is a well known herb across the nation and the world from the ancient time.


Cardamom is a spice belonging to the family Zingiberaceae. The plant is native to India, Indonesia and Asia. Cardamom contains numerous triangular small black seeds enclosed in a light green pod.


Daucus carota or carrot is a vegetable belonging to the family Apiaceae.


The scientific name of Amarbel is Cassytha filiformis. It belongs to the family Lauraceae which has many plants similar to those in morning glory.


Curcumin is a bioactive ingredient of turmeric and is known for its medicinal properties. Turmeric is a familiar dietary spice.

Long Pepper

Long pepper is also known as pippali or Indian long pepper. The scientific name for long pepper is Piper longum and belongs to the family Piperaceae.


Mulethi refers to the herb liquorice which is scientifically known as Glycyrrhiza glabra. The plant is native to the countries of Asia and Europe, including India.


The scientific name for Neel is Indigofera tinctoria. It belongs to the family Fabaceae or the bean family. It is one of the oldest natural dyes used and is native to India.


Nutmeg is the seed of Myristica fragrans, an evergreen tree. The tree gives two spices, mace and nutmeg.


Jatropha curcus or Ratanjot is native to Central and South America, Caribbean and Mexico, and is found in tropical and subtropical regions


Boswellia serrata is commonly known as Shallaki and belongs to the family of Burseraceae. It is well known for its anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory properties.


Tectona grandis is locally called as Sagwan or Sagon and is most commonly known as Teak tree.


Sesame also known as Sesamum Indicum is a flower-bearing plant that belongs to the Pedaliaceae plant family.


Shikakai also known as Acacia Concinna is a climbing plant from the Fabaceae plant family.


Triphala is an Ayurvedic formula made by the use of three fruits. The word ‘Triphala’ is a Sanskrit word which means a combination of three fruits.


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Salai Guggul

Salai guggul or Indian frankincense is an oleo gum resin extracted from the Boswellia serrate tree.

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