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Clinical Issues

Allergy

An allergy occurs when a person starts getting affected by substances in their surroundings. These elements are usually harmless but the body develops a reaction to these substances. These substances are usually found in pets, dust mites, insects, some foods and some medicines. Allergic reactions can be mild like itching, watery eyes and coughing but certain allergies can have serious effects such as difficulty in breathing, hives, swelling, wheezing etc. Inflammation and irritation are also quite common in such allergies. The big 8 food allergens are: milk, egg, fish, crustaceans, tree nuts, peanuts, wheat and soy.
 
Few common types of allergy along with their symptoms are given here:
1. Symptoms of Skin allergy
  • Rashes Itching
  • Flaking Redness
  • Swelling Peeling
2. Symptoms of Dust allergy
  • Rashes Itching
  • Flaking Redness
  • Swelling Peeling
  • Sneezing Coughing
  • Tears Runny Nose
  • Itchy eyes and nose Blocked Nose
3. Symptoms of Medication allergy
  • Wheezing Skin Rashes
  • Itchiness Swollen tongue, lips
4. Symptoms of Food allergy
  • Vomiting Upset Stomach
  • Diarrhoea Swollen tongue, gums
  • Tingling in Mouth
5. Symptoms of Insect allergy
  • Wheezing Itchy skin
  • Hives Chest tightness
  • Swelling
Certain sever allergies such as hay fever, food allergies like celiac disease, atopic dermatitis, allergic asthma, and anaphylaxis. They require immediate attention and might require the use of Epinephrine or an epi pen.
 
Do’s 
  • Find out allergic substances affecting your body
  • Get yourself diagnosed by a doctor
  • Try to stay away from allergens
  • Ensure you inform a restaurant about your food allergies while placing an order
Don’ts
  • Do not eat foods causing inflammation
  • Do not take any medication before consulting a doctor