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Clinical Issues

Hay Fever

Also known as allergic rhinitis or nasal allergies, hay fever, despite its name, has nothing to do with hay nor fever. It is a common condition that develops when the body’s immune system recognizes and overreacts to airborne substances or allergens such as pollen, dust mites, or something in the environment that typically causes no problems in most people, causing irritation or inflammation of the nose.

Hay fever can be seasonal, which happens only during the time of year in which certain plants pollinate –and  perennial, which happens year-round. It causes cold-like signs and symptoms, such as sneezing, congestion, runny nose, and sinus pressure, which can be quite irritable and uncomfortable. However, unlike a cold, hay fever is not caused by a virus and does not cause a fever.

Symptoms

  • Fatigue
  • Sneezing or coughing
  • Runny nose and nasal congestion
  • Watery, red, or itchy eyes
  • Itchy nose, roof of mouth or throat
  • Sinus pressure and pain
  • Postnasal drip

Do's

  • Use a dehumidifier to control mould
  • Keeping windows closed to prevent pollen from coming in
  • Keep air conditioning unit clean
  • Take allergy medications

Don'ts

  • Do not keep flowers indoors
  • Avoid cigarette smoke
  • Avoid petting animals

Avoid dry dusting or sweeping of floors