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Osteopenia

Osteopenia is the term used for reduced bone density. This condition leads to reduced bone strength which increases the chances of fracture. It is quite common in men and women above the age of 65. It is also common among post-menopausal women. Bone density peaks around the age of 35 and starts deteriorating after that as the cell growth rate in our body also falls. This disorder can be best treated with the intake of calcium and Vitamin D as these two nutrients can make bones stronger.
Having osteopenia increases the chances of getting osteoporosis. It does not have any visible symptoms as it is loss of bone density. Certain diseases can also increase chances of getting osteopenia such as hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism, bulimia, anorexia and Cushing’s syndrome. It can be detected through a Bone Mineral Density (BMD) test or DEXA scan. Normal bone density is between +1 to -1, -1 to -2.5 is osteopenia or low bone density and below -2.5 is osteoporosis.
 Some factors responsible for this condition are:
1. Immobility
2. Genetic issues
3. Hormonal imbalance
4. Smoking
5. Alcohol intake
6. Scarcity of Calcium and Vitamin D
7. Use of certain allopathic medications 
8. Regular inflammation
 
Do’s
  • Eat foods rich in Vitamin D and Calcium
  • Take Vitamin D and plant-based Calcium supplements. Chemical calcium supplements can cause gall or kidney stones.
  • Eat more green vegetables and juicy fruits
  • Consume dairy products like cheese, milk, etc. as they are rich in Vitamin D
  • Opt for moderate exercises. Consult an expert for fitness advice.
Don’ts 
  • Do not smoke. Avoid consuming in nicotine as it can affect the calcium absorption capacity of the body.
  • Do not consume alcohol and reduce the intake of soda
  • Do not indulge in heavy weight exercises