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Osteoporosis

 
Osteoporosis means ‘porous bones’. It is a condition characterised by weak bones due to low bone density which causes frequent fractures. This condition paves the way for fractures. Bone density decreases usually after the age of 35 as that is when bone density peaks and the rate of cell growth slows down beyond 35. It is even common in women after menopause because of a decrease in oestrogen, the hormone responsible for preventing osteoporosis. It is commonly not diagnosed until the occurrence of fractures. 
Osteoporosis affects the structure of the bones. It makes fractures in the hips, spine, wrists and ankles more likely to happen. 
The common causes of osteoporosis are:
1. Deficiency of calcium and Vitamin D in the body
2. Lack of exercise
3. Poor nutrition
4. Genetics
5. Inflammatory diseases
6. Certain allopathic medications causing loss of calcium from bones
7. Low calcium absorption capacity of the body
8. Frequent experiences of fracture
 
Do’s
  • Take calcium and Vitamin D supplements
  • Include dairy products in your diet as they contain Vitamin D and Calcium
  • Practice yoga and stretching exercises under the guidance of a trainer
  • Include generous portions of green leafy vegetables in your diet
  • Non-vegetarians can opt for eating fish with soft bones
Don’ts
  • Do not smoke as smoking can slow down the absorption of calcium and Vitamin D in the body
  • Do not consume alcohol as it reduces bone strength
  • Do not take any medication without proper diagnosis