Stress is the response that our body gives to situations and circumstances. It is a feeling that one gets under fright, fight and pressure. Stress is primarily a physical response where the body feels it is under attack and releases a mix of hormones such as adrenaline and cortisol to prepare the body for physical action. This causes a number of reactions, from blood being diverted to muscles to shutting down unnecessary bodily functions such as digestion and also minimises brain function. Hence, if we are in a stressful position for a prolonged period then it is detrimental to our health.
Our body goes through many changes while in stress some of which are:
1. Fast heart beat
2. High blood pressure
3. Tense muscles
4. Alert mind
Stress can manifest itself with physical changes like: chest pain, rapid heartbeat, aches and pains, skin issues, indigestion, high blood pressure. It can also lead to emotional and behavioural changes like depression, irritability, panic, anxiety, frustration, increase intake of alcohol, cigarettes and caffeine to relax, demotivation and loss of sense of humour. It impairs cognitive functioning as it can lead to memory problems, poor judgement, ‘brain fog’, indecision and self-doubt. Stress is a normal state of life only if it is temporary. Prolonged stress can be really harmful for physical and mental health.
- Spend time with people who make you happy
- Practice yoga and meditation
- Exercise on a regular basis to release happy hormones like endorphins, serotonin and dopamine
- Sleep well and get enough rest
- Eat nutritious food to keep the body healthy
- Maintain a positive approach
- Do not freak out while witnessing problems
- Do not waste time; instead learn to manage time effectively. It helps in reducing stress.
- Do not take any medication without consulting the doctors. Take medical help in case of chronic stress.