The scientific name of Gojihva is Onosma bracteatum and it belongs to family Boraginaceae. The plant has been used in Ayurveda to treat jaundice, wound, constipation, heart muscle weakness and many more ailments.
It is a small shrub around grows nearly 3 to 5 meters in height. It grows mostly in mountain region of India and the Middle East and the other parts of Asia and Europe. The stem is simple and the entire plant is covered with hairs. The leaves are lanceolate and have nodules at their bottom sides which make them appear like a cow’s tongue. This gives origin to the name of the plant as Gojihva. It bears purple velvet trumpet-like flowers that exist in clusters. The fruits are brown in colour and oval in shape. The leaves and flowers are used for various medicinal purposes and are slightly sweet in taste.
Other names of Gojihva are Cow’s tongue, Lisanussoar and Gaozaban.
Chemical constituents of Gojihva include a variety of glycosides, flavonoids, tannins, phenolic compounds and carbohydrates, other potential components are ketones, alkaloids, lipids, naphthoquinones, naphthazarins and flavones like shikonins and onosmins.
Gojihva shows certain pharmacological activities such as anti-pyretic, anti-spasmodic, demulcent, pectoral, tonic, refrigerant, alternative, aphrodisiac, immuno-modulator, anti-diarrhoeal, anti-cancer, anti-oxidant, anti-microbial, anti-pyretic, anti-tussive, and diuretic properties.
It is a useful herb for the treatment of bladder pain, improvement in kidney functions and reduction in irritation, rheumatism and palpitation of heart. It is the most frequently used ingredients in the Unani and Ayurvedic health supplements especially because it provides calmness against restlessness and promotes or restores cardiac functions.
Benefits of Gojihva
This plant serves as a renal tonic and its anti inflammatory properties can be put to use to provide relief in inflammation of kidneys which is present in nephritis as a result of infections and toxins. It can be used to prevent further damage to kidneys in kidney disease via inflammation.
It is safe to consume Gojihva and has no known adverse effects even in higher doses generally. However, taking this herb in a regulated amount is still recommended as in Nephrogold Tablets.