Tectona grandis is locally called as Sagwan or Sagon and is most commonly known as Teak tree.
Tectona grandis, a woody tree, belongs to the family Verbenaceae, is famous for yielding extremely high quality timber, which is resistance to pest and decay even without polish. It can survive hard weather and conditions, for a decade.
It is a tall deciduous tree and can grow more than 100 feet. This tree has large ovate leaves, bears white flowers in summer season. Heart wood is yellowish and the sapwood is whitish in colour, which darkens with the age of the tree. Recently cut wood gives leather-like smell. It is a valued plant for its durability, water and paste resistance nature, and is extensively used in the woodwork industry.
Teak tree earlier originated in India and Burma, and is now also cultivated in Africa and Caribbean region. The tree is native to Asia, mainly, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Indonesia, India, Thailand, Myanmar and Malaysia.
Burma and Bangladesh come under the major teak producers in the world. The tree can survive in a wide range of climatic conditions but tropical climate with warm and moist condition is the best for the tree to flourish.
All parts of the plant can be used for the medicinal purposes including roots, bark, leaves and flowers.
Its anti-bacterial activity is due to the presence of 5-hydroxy-1, 4- naphthalenedione (Juglone), cytotoxic activity is due to 5- hydroxy-lapachol hydroxynaphthoquinone, lapachol, dehydro- a-lapachone, squalene and methylquinizarin, lapachol.
Caffeic acid, ferulic acid, gallic acid and tannic acid are phenolic acids responsible for antifungal activity. Others components are naphthoquinone derivative, resins, fatty acids and triterpenes.
The leaves contain quinines and its derivatives. Leaves contain all most six percent tannins and some natural dyes. Bark contains anti-oxidants and tannins.
Sagon is useful in medicinal purpose as it shows anti-haemolytic, anti-anaemic, anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, hypoglycaemic, analgesic, gastro protective, and anthelmentic, cytotoxic, sedative, astringent, diuretic and hepatic stimulant activities.
Benefits of Sagon:
The therapeutic value of sagon makes it a part of Tressgrow Oil and Tressgrow Combo.