Valerian or Valeriana officinalis is a well known herb that shows significant anxiolytic and sedative effects. It belongs to the Caprifoliaceae family or honeysuckle family. The plant is known from the times of Rome and Greece. The herb was also described by the Galen and Hippocrates. Valeria is a Latin word which means strong, brave, and to be with strong health.
Other names for Valerian include Set wall, Garden heliotrope, Cut-finger and All-heal.
It is an extremely pungent plant, and possesses an odour of unwashed feet or earthy scent and yellowish green oil is obtained from the roots of Valerian, some people find the valerian odour unpleasant and nauseating.
Valerian is a tall perennial herb mostly grown in South and North America, Asia, China, Britain and Europe. Leaves exist in pairs and are arranged oppositely at joints on the hollow stem. The stem bears sweet pinkish or white flowers in small bunch.
Valerian owns over 150 natural constituents; most of them are physiologically active. These include isovaltrate, valerosidate, valtrates, Iridoid valepotriates and others, volatile essential oil, valeric acetoxy valerenic acid, bornyl isovalerate, alkaloids, sesquiterpenes and monoterpenes, hydroxypinoresinol and other lignans.
Valerianic acid is the main component that is used to prevent or relieve spasm of smooth muscles.
Valepotriates or the alkaloids in Valerian plant provide calming effects on brain.
Certain pharmacological activities associated with Valerian are hypnotic nervine, nervous system tonic, emmenagogue, antispasmodic, sedative, mild anodyne, anti-inflammatory, smooth muscle relaxant, carminative, anti-bacterial, antiemetic, stimulant and digestive, stomachic and expectorant.
Benefits of Valerian:
Its credibility can be noted in Daily Calm Tea of Preserva Wellness.